|UKRAINE - ARE YOU OPEN TO…|
|ARE YOU OPEN TO…
… Ukraine, with its longstanding tradition for hospitality, is the perfect destination for your Incentive and Travel.
Ukraine is a country of Central-Eastern Europe with territory of 603, 7 thousand sq kilometers. It stretches for 893 km from North to the South and for 1316 km from West to East. Ukraine is located in moderate latitudes and has outlets to Black and Azov Seas. The capital city is Kyiv.
Ukraine has land borders with the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Poland, Slovak Republic, Hungary, Romania and the Republic of Moldova.
Nature and climate of Ukraine
Ukraine's relief is mostly flat. 95% of lands are plains and 5% are mountains. Ukraine's flat landscape is divided into three zones - mixed forests, forest-steppe and steppe.
Ukraine is located in two climatic zones: moderate and subtropical (southern shore of Crimea).
Ukraine belongs to the countries with moderate climate, and change of seasons can be clearly observed during the year.
Bowels of Ukrainian earth are rich with various minerals, including coal, iron ore, oil and gas, gravel, salt etc. Donbass is Ukraine\\\'s main coal production base. Oil and natural gas are located in Dnipro-Donetsk (80%) and Black Sea-Crimea regions.
Ukrainian mineral waters are very valuable. The springs are located in Mirgorod, Svalyava, Truskavets and Feodosia. Mud from towns of Evpatoria and Saki has good healing abilities.
Ukraine is a sea power. In the south it is washed by Black and Azov Seas. Black Sea's coastline in Ukraine is 1540 km. Southern location, favorable climate, sandy beaches make Black and Azov Seas one of the most important and attractive recreational spots in Ukraine.
Ukraine's territory is covered with dense network of large and small rivers. Their total number is 73,000. Ukraine has about 20,000 lakes. The biggest river systems are Dnipro, Danube, Dnistro, Southern Bug and Northern Donets. Dnipro (Dnepr) is the largest river in Ukraine. It is also third largest and longest river in Europe.
Ukraine has two highland areas: Carpathian Mountains in the west and Crimean Mountains on the territory of Crimean peninsula. Crimea is the best summer resort in Ukraine.
Ukrainian flora includes about 30,000 plants. Variety of Ukraine's natural conditions led to variety of species of animal world. About 44,800 animal species are found in Ukraine.
Administrative and territorial system
Ukraine is comprised from the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and 24 regions: Vinnitsa, Volyn, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Zhitomir, Zakarpattya, Zaporizhzhya, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kyiv, Kirovograd, Lugansk, Lviv, Mykolaiv, Odesa, Poltava, Rivne, Sumy, Ternopil, Kharkiv, Kherson, Khmelnitsky, Cherkasy, Chernigiv, Chernivtsy.
The cities of Kyiv and Sevastopol have a special status set by the laws of Ukraine. Ukraine has 490 districts, 446 cities, 907 towns and 10,196 villages.
Ukrainian territorial system is based on unity and integrity of national territory, balance of social and economic development of regions taking into account their historical, economic, geographic and demographic features as well as ethnic and cultural traditions.
Ukraine has 45.5 mln. residents. In terms of population, Ukraine ranks 5th in Europe. The majority of people (69%) live in urban areas. 31% live in countryside.
Ethnic Ukrainians comprise 78% of population. Ukrainians are one of biggest nations of Europe and the world and the second largest nation among Slavic subgroup.
More than 10,000,000 people of other ethnic groups live in Ukraine, comprising 22% of nation's population. The biggest national minority are Russians. For ages, Crimean Tatars, Jews, Romanians, Moldavians, Byelorussians, Bulgarians, Poles, Hungarians, Greeks, Armenians, Gypsies, Germans, Azerbaijani, Gagaus, Uzbeks, Lithuanians, Kazakhs, Czechs, Slovaks and people of other ethnic groups have been living in Ukraine. The Constitution of Ukraine guarantees development of ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious originality of all indigenous peoples and ethnic minorities.
General foundations of political system
General foundations of political system of Ukraine are defined by its Constitution. Ukraine is a sovereign and independent, democratic and social state.
State power is divided into legislative, executive and judicial branches, acting within their competence. Constitution envisages the principle of political, economic and ideological diversity of social life.
According to the Constitution, the main task of the state is to establish and promote human rights and freedoms.
The Constitution of Ukraine designates the President as the Head of State, acting on its behalf. The only legislative body of Ukraine is the Parliament - the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. The Cabinet of Ministers (Government) of Ukraine is the supreme executive authority. Its actions are based on the Constitution, laws of Ukraine and presidential orders.
The state language of Ukraine is Ukrainian.
Ukraine has well-developed scientific and industrial base. The national economy includes such spheres as heavy machine building, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, shipbuilding, automotive industry (buses, cars and trucks), manufacturing of tractors and other agriculture machinery, diesel locomotive manufacturing, manufacturing of machine-tools, turbines and aircraft engines, production of power plants, oil extraction and chemical equipment and so on. Ukraine is also a powerful manufacturer of energy.
Several fields of Ukrainian economy demonstrate high technological level of development. The country is producing carrier rockets, satellites and space research equipment. Ukraine is a considerable producer of military equipment, including tanks, military transport aircrafts, SAM complexes and optical equipment.
Antonov aircraft, lighter-aboard ships, walking excavators, precise machinery, and electric welding equipment are produced using state-of-art technologies and comply with the top world standards.
Ukraine is tolerant to religious confessions of all kinds.
51,6 % of the Ukrainian population declare themselves Orthodox Christians. There is a number of other Christian confession: Protestant, Evangelical Christian Baptist and others; Judaism and Islam are practiced religion as well.
1 January - New Year
7 January - Christmas
8 March - International Women’s Day
April - Easter
1-2 May - Labour Days
9 May - Victory Day
May - Holy Trinity
28 June - Constitution Day
24 August - Independence Day
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