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History - Trypillian Civilization 5400 - 2750 BC
Clay binocular
Clay binocular

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Trypillian Civilization

Trypillian Civilization 5400 - 2750 BC

Spirituality
Human and animal terra cottas were sacred objects used in spiritual practices in the Trypillian culture. The female image in different iconographic shapes prevails in Trypillian plastic art to male images occurring rarely. Even from the early period Trypillia realistic models of faces and figurines have been found. Common characteristics include realistic head, eyes and open mouth. Probably, these terra cottas served as Spirits of the Ancestors. Female sacred images were personifications of specific aspects of the Great Goddess (Great Mother, Mother-Goddess, Mother-Earth). These images also symbolize the matron who gives life, and the patroness who protects and renews life. A horned female figurine can be interpreted as an image of a Goddess-Cow, help-mate of the Heavenly God. Broken clay figurines are related to ceremonies of sacrifice or the practice of magic.

So-called ceramic binoculars, the clay models of sledges and houses, the bowls and pots with animal heads are all related to the spiritual life of Trypillians, who appear to have been very spiritual. Pottery has animalistic decoration and ornamental patterns, which were designed to protect the content of the pot. The purpose of binocular shaped objects is still not known completely, although some researchers think that it served in agricultural ceremonies for worshipping rain or in making sacrifices.
Settlements
Trypillians created their first cities in Europe between 5,400-4,000 BC. Their large settlements, so called Trypillian proto-cities, had emerged around 4,200BC and existed until 2,750BC. The largest cities presently known to archeologists were located near towns Talianky (area close to 450ga), Maidanetske (200ga), Dobrovody (250ga) and Nebelivka (300ga) village in Cherkassy region. Some settlement areas were originally determined and mapped from the air by magnetic photography.