|History - Legend of the founding of Kiev 482 A.D. by Andrew Gregorovich|
One was named Kie, the second was Shchek, the third Khoriv and they had a beautiful sister called Lebid.
|Legend of the founding of Kiev 482 A.D. by Andrew Gregorovich
ONCE UPON A TIME there was a royal family of three brothers. One was named Kie, the second was Shchek, the third Khoriv and they had a beautiful sister called Lebid. They had lost their mother and father to invaders from the East and were searching for a place to make a new home.
When they arrived at the beautiful blue Dnipro River, and saw the seven majestic green hills across the river covered with kashtan trees and flowers, Kie chose the place as their new home.
Kie and his brothers built a boat and then sailed across the broad and mighty Dnipro River towards the high green bank on the western side. But what should be the name of the new Metropolis? Kie's brothers and sister decided to name the new city KIEV in honor of their strong and brave elder brother, King Kie. Thus it was that the City of Kiev was founded on the last weekend in May, in the Spring of the year 482 A.D.
Kie ruled on the hill which is now called Borichev, Shchek settled on the hill which is now called Shchekovitsa, and Khoriv settled on the third, which after him was called Khorevitsa. And it was thus that they founded the great city over 1,500 years ago.
In ancient days this was the land of the Trypilians, Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Alans, Antae, Roxolanians and the legendary Amazon women. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus, "the Father of History" wrote that Hercules himself had founded this land.
According to legend here was the very place, the Starokievska Hill, where the Apostle Saint Andrew, centuries earlier came as a missionary to Scythia. He had raised a cross on the hills of Kiev and predicted that here a great city would rise one day with many churches to the glory of God. And so the prophecy was fulfilled.
Merchants and craftsmen from far and wide soon gathered by the Dnipro River and settled in the Podol, the lower town, which became the center of commerce. Kiev slowly grew through the centuries into the great, majestic and Royal City of Kiev.
It was in 988, five centuries after the founding, that King Vladimir Christened his Slavic nation, the Ukrainian people of Rus'-Ukraine. It was here, where the broad street Khreshchatik still marks the place, that the people descended from the hills into the Dnipro River to be Christened into the Christian Church by Greek priests from Constantinople the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
King Vladimir built the Desyatina Church, and in 1036 his son, King Yaroslav, built Saint Sophia (Holy Wisdom) Cathedral as a sister of the famous Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. Saint Sophia in Kiev became the Mother Church of Ukraine, and for a thousand years the immortal gold mosaic wall of the Virgin Oranta has watched over Kiev. The Mongol invasion of 1240 and many since then did not destroy this "invincible wall" of Kiev. St. Michael the Archangel protected this saving remnant of Kiev's days of golden glory.
It was in the year 1187 that for the first time in history the historical chronicles mention the new name Ukraine for the ancient name of this land, which was Rus'.
Centuries later, in 1492, the Cossacks of Ukraine, the famous Zaporozhians, came into history as defenders of the Christian Church and the Ukrainian nation from Tatar, Turkish, Polish and Russian invaders. And as Taras Shevchenko, the great poet, said in The Dream: "The First (Tsar Peter I) racked my country dear, The Second (Catherine II) gave the final blow, That brought my land to utter woe...
Shevchenko's "sad Ukraine" has now been reborn in the world "family of free nations". And this city of Kiev, the capital of the ancient Rus Kingdom, which is one of the most beautiful cities in the world today, has become the great gold-topped capital of democratic, free and independent Ukraine.